What is Information Literacy?

Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.”  (Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, © ALA, 2000)


Schedule Now:  pmeridith@williamsbu.edu


Students Benefit From Library Instruction

Research Instruction Increases GPA and Retention (ACRL)

Studies indicate students who meet with a librarian for research instruction have higher GPA.

Studies indicate students who make use of library resources and services have higher retention rates and GPA.  (https://acrl.ala.org/value/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/VAL-poster.pdf)

Further Benefits of Library Instruction (ALA):

  • Students yield higher grades, academic confidence, and retention;
  • Students improve achievement on course assignments;
  • Student learning is boosted by library research;
  • Students acquire a common set of information literacy competencies in their initial coursework;
  • Student Increase in academic success is positively correlated to increased library usage;
  • Students increase core competencies in problem solving, identification and use of information, critical thinking, ethical reasoning, and civic engagement  (http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/issues/value/findings_y3.pdf)

Sessions and Workshops – Customize and Schedule

Schedule Now:  pmeridith@williamsbu.edu

Information Literacy Sessions

Customize your session to meet the need and time allowed.  (20 minutes = basic; 40 minutes = more detail)

  • College level research (10 minutes)
  • Finding books and eBooks (20 & 40 minutes)
  • Finding journal articles and databases (20 & 40 minutes)
  • Evaluating resources – peer review, etc. (20 minutes)
  • Evaluating resources to include media & digital literacy (fake news, predatory journals, etc) (40 minutes)
  • Academic Integrity – avoiding plagiarism (20 & 40 minutes)


  • Google Apps
  • Google Sites and ePortfolio
  • Google Hangouts
  • iPad Pro *coming soon

Guidelines for Information Literacy Sessions

Partner with the instruction librarian for successful sessions:

  • Provide librarian with copy of research assignment and course syllabus so the sessions can be correlated to your class topic and goals;
  • Provide librarian with your expected outcomes and objectives of the sessions;
  • Two sessions recommended: Day 1 Lecture; Day 2 Hands on research guided by librarian;
  • instructor to attend the sessions;
  • Schedule sessions during regular class meeting time;
  • Encourage student participation and questions during sessions;
  • Instructor encouraged to provide session feedback, recommended changes, or assessment to  librarian.

Interlibrary loan services are available to faculty, staff, and students.

Departmental Allocations

After the University Administration determines the library budget for a given year, the Media/Learning Resources Committee studies departmental needs for books and periodicals.  Based on this study, the committee makes recommendations to the faculty concerning how the books and periodical allocation will be divided among the academic departments.  Upon faculty approval of the Committee’s recommendation, the allocations are thus allocated for the given year.  Allocations may be requested for print and/or electronic books and serials, but not for electronic databases.



Faculty in each department may recommend new items to their Department Chair for approval, who will then forward said requests to the Library Director.  Periodical requests should be provided to the Library Director by September 15.  Order information and book (print or electronic) requests should be provided to the Library Director by December 1.  Book request cards or printed lists may be submitted.  Purchases are made at the authority of the Director of Library Services.


Periodical/Journal Guidelines

Databases.   Currently, most of the journal, newspaper, and periodical databases are provided by the Arkansas Traveler Program of the Arkansas State Library.  These databases are provided free of charge to all Arkansas citizens via the direct URL, and to all Arkansas libraries.  The vendor contracts are made every three years with a balanced cross of librarian types composing the selection committee.  The number and types of databases provided differ according to vendor contacts.

Felix Goodson Library attempts within budget allowances to supplement the WBU curriculum needs by subscribing to additional and subject-specific databases.  The selection of the paid supplemental subscriptions then varies each year according to WBU budget allowances and the Traveler-provided databases.  The MLRC budget allocations do not include paid subscription databases.

Before renewal of paid subscriptions, usage statistics are used to determine the value of the paid subscriptions.  Department Chairs are provided the statistics in order to collaborate with the Library Director in determining renewal, addition, or possible change of different subject database(s).  The usage statistics are also included in the Library’s Annual Report.

It is noted that databases do increase in cost by as much as 20% annually.  This is also a determining factor in reviewing renewal or new subscriptions.


Single Subscription Periodicals, Newspapers, Journals, Microforms, and other Serials.   Single subscriptions to print or electronic titles may be requested or renewed according to these guidelines:  Deadline September 15.

  • Titles shall be relevant to the mission, curriculum and higher education needs of WBU faculty, staff, and students
  • Renewal – usage statistics and cost are relative to value
  • No duplication of single titles within the current databases without justification
  • Recreational reading will be appropriate in content for WBU patrons
  • Single subscription titles are included  in the MLRC departmental allocations and requests should be made by September 15.


Book Requests

Book Request Guidelines:
Deadline December 1.

  • Title shall be relevant to the mission, curriculum, and higher education needs of WBU faculty, staff, and students
  • The department shall recommend or require student use of the title according to their curriculum and syllabi
  • Books may be print or electronic
  • Textbooks will not be purchased from Library funds. However, donated textbooks may be added to the collection at the discretion of the Library Director
  • Duplicate copies of exact titles will not be purchased without justification
  • Students may recommend books. Upon evaluation by the Library Director, said requests will be purchased when funds are available.
  • All requests should be made prior to December 1. Unused MLRC department allocations will be reallocated at the discretion of the Library Director.

Book Request Procedures

  • After approval of the Department Chair, book requests may be  addressed to the Library Director via a typed or written list or email, OR, by completing the printed book request card. (An Amazon Wishlist may also be used.)  Additionally, a submitable Purchase Request Form is accessible via the Library’s Web site.
  • Include as much bibliographic information about the title as possible:
    • Author /Editor
    • Title
    • ISBN
    • Publication Date
    • Publisher
    • Volume or series
    • Requesting department
    • Shelf location (stacks, reference, reserve)
  • Library staff will check for duplication prior to order/ purchase
  • When the books are received and made shelf-ready, the Department Chair will be notified. Additionally, the monthly New Selections list is posted on the Library’s Web site.

Course Reserve Guidelines:

  • Items may be resourced from the Library collection or as provided by the instructor.
  • All items are removed from the Reserve Shelf at the end of each semester.
  • The Reserve Shelf is located behind the Circulation Desk and student’s must use their WBU I.D. to checkout the item with a limit of one reserve item per use.
  • Journal articles may be posted to vCamp.  See “How to Post Database Journal Articles or eBook URLs to vCamp”.
  • Use the convenient form below or the paper form available at the Circulation Desk to request Course Reserves.

WBU Faculty, Administrators, and Staff may borrow from the Circulating Collection having a global due date at the end of each semester.

WBU Family members age 18 and over may apply for a Community Patron Card.

Faculty-Student Worker Proxy
Faculty may request proxy borrowing privileges to be extended to their student worker. Proxy privileges allow a student to borrow materials in a faculty member’s name with the faculty member’s borrowing privileges. The faculty member will be responsible for all materials thus borrowed; the faculty member should ensure that the student worker is using the privilege solely to obtain materials needed by the faculty member.  Please email goodsonlibrary@williamsbu.edu the student worker’s full name and WBU student i.d.  Proxy privileges are limited to one semester, with the renaming of the proxy each semester.

Persistent URLs, stable links, or durable links are Internet addresses that remain constant.  Most databases provide these links so that full-text articles, e-books (chapters and pages) can be posted in course management systems such as Vcamp or to email.  Because most are paid-for subscription databases with license restriction, they are not freely available to the public; therefore, proper linking of URLs is necessary for reposting for educational purposes.  All of the FGL databases are properly licensed for reposting to include proxy prefix:

Persistent URLs are provided by EBSCOHost, ProQuest, Gale, and JSTOR in the record detail.  Do not use the URL in the address bar!   The persistent or stable URL may be founder under “cite” or permanent URL links.  JSTOR provides the stable URL under the Title.

Example:  JSTOR

Example:  EBSCOHost

Example:  Proquest

Authentication credentials may be required:  Contact Library Staff  (870)-759-4139 or email pmeridith@williamsbu.edu or jolive@williamsbu.edu.

Pamela Meridith
Director of Library Services
(870) 759-4137

Joel Olive 
Public Services Supervisor
(870) 759-4139

Peggy Chadwick
Library Technician
(870) 759-4138

School Term Hours

Mon-Thurs: 8 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.
Friday: 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Saturday: 12 noon to 4 p.m.
Sunday: 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. and 7 p.m. to 11:30 p.m.

Summer Hours

Monday-Friday: 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Closed for lunch: 12:00 – 1:00 p.m.
Closed weekends & holidays